Getting started

Pre-built Linux packages are distributed from the libcbor website. For other platforms, you will need to compile it from source.

Building & installing libcbor

  • C99 compiler
  • CMake 2.8 or newer (might also be called cmakesetup, cmake-gui or ccmake depending on the installed version and system)
  • C build system CMake can target (make, Apple Xcode, MinGW, ...)


As of May 2015, not even the 2015 release candidate of Visual Studio supports C99. While CMake will be happy to generate a VS solution that you can play with, libcbor currently cannot be compiled using the MSVC toolchain. ICC, GCC under Cygwin, and MinGW’s GCC will all work. The MinGW build process is described below.

Configuration options

A handful of configuration flags can be passed to cmake. The following table lists libcbor compile-time directives and several important generic flags.

Option Meaning Default Possible values
CMAKE_C_COMPILER C compiler to use cc gcc, clang, clang-3.5, ...
CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX Installation prefix System-dependent /usr/local/lib, ...
CUSTOM_ALLOC Allow custom malloc? ON ON, OFF
HUGE_FUZZ Fuzz test with 8GB of data OFF ON, OFF
SANE_MALLOC Assume malloc will refuse unreasonable allocations OFF ON, OFF
COVERAGE Generate test coverage instrumentation OFF ON, OFF
PRETTY_PRINTER Include a pretty-printer implementation ON ON, OFF
BUFFER_GROWTH Buffer growth factor 2 >1

If you want to pass other custom configuration options, please refer to

Building using make

# Assuming you are in the directory where you want to build
cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release path_to_libcbor_dir
make cbor

Both the shared ( and the static (libcbor.a) libraries should now be in the src subdirectory.

In order to install the libcbor headers and libraries, the usual

make install

is what your’re looking for. Root permissions are required on most systems.


libcbor is highly portable and works on both little- and big-endian systems regardless of the operating system. After building on an exotic platform, you might wish to verify the result by running the test suite. If you encounter any problems, please report them to the issue tracker.

libcbor is known to successfully work on ARM Android devices. Cross-compilation is possible with arm-linux-gnueabi-gcc.

Linking with libcbor

If you include and linker paths include the directories to which libcbor has been installed, compiling programs that uses libcbor requires no extra considerations.

You can verify that everything has been set up properly by creating a file with the following contents

#include <cbor.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int main(int argc, char * argv[])
    printf("Hello from libcbor %s\n", CBOR_VERSION);

and compiling it

cc hello_cbor.c -lcbor -o hello_cbor

MinGW build instructions

  • MinGW
  • CMake GUI

First of all, create a folder that will be used for the output. For this demonstration, we will use cbor_out. Start CMake and select the source path and the destination folder.


Then hit the ‘Configure’ button. You will be prompted to select the build system:


Choose MinGW and confirm.


If you select Visual Studio at this point, a MSVC project will be generated for you. This is useful if you just want to browse through the source code.

You can then adjust the build options. The defaults will work just fine. Hit ‘Generate’ when you are done.


You can then adjust the build options. The defaults will work just fine. Hit ‘Generate’ when you are done.

Open the shell, navigate to the output directory, and run mingw32-make cbor.


libcbor will be built and your .dll should be ready at this point


Feel free to also try building and running some of the examples, e.g. mingw32-make sort



cbor.h not found: The headers directory is probably not in your include path. First, verify the installation location by checking the installation log. If you used make, it will look something like

-- Installing: /usr/local/include/cbor
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/cbor/callbacks.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/cbor/encoding.h

Make sure that CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX (if you provided it) was correct. Including the path path during compilation should suffice, e.g.:

cc -I/usr/local/include hello_cbor.c -lcbor -o hello_cbor

cannot find -lcbor during linking: Most likely the same problem as before. Include the installation directory in the linker shared path using -R, e.g.:

cc -Wl,-rpath,/usr/local/lib -lcbor -o hello_cbor

shared library missing during execution: Verify the linkage using ldd, otool, or similar and adjust the compilation directives accordingly:

⇒  ldd hello_cbor =>  (0x00007ffe85585000) => /usr/local/lib/ (0x00007f9af69da000) => /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ (0x00007f9af65eb000)
    /lib64/ (0x00007f9af6be9000)

compilation failed: If your compiler supports C99 yet the compilation has failed, please report the issue to the issue tracker.